Comments for consumers
This page/column contains information which may be of interest to consumers. The information is based on articles which appear in Australian Prescriber. As Australian Prescriber is written for health professionals, you should discuss any issues raised by this page/column with your doctor or pharmacist. They will be able to give a more detailed answer to your questions by reading the main article.
Australian Prescriber is unable to comment on individual cases or give second opinions.
Infection of the bone and soft tissues around the teeth is very common. Medicines, such as some medicines for high blood pressure or epilepsy, can also cause the gums to swell.
The swollen gums look red or purple and bleed easily. It is difficult to clean the teeth well and this causes bad breath.
If the gum swelling is a side effect of a medicine, a smaller dose may be needed. Sometimes the patient has to change to a new medicine. Thorough cleaning and good dental care are the key to treatment. Mild cases may need no other treatment.